And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord‘s passover. For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. Exodus 12:1-14
To the nation of Israel Passover is the most important commemoration. This time was instituted by the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as a continual reminder of how He freed them from Egyptian slavery. They were under Egyptian rule for 430 years.
What I find interesting is God told Abraham hundreds of years before that his people would go through this hardship. He further explained that He would personally have to deliver them. God told him this before Abraham had any children. Abraham believed God and was satisfied.
The Israeli presence in Egypt began via of the enslavement of one of their family members named Joseph. Because of envy and jealousy Joseph’s 11 brothers wanted to kill him; but decided to sell him into slavery to some Ishmaelite traders heading to Egypt. They sold Joseph to Potiphar, a high official of Pharaoh, ruler of Egypt. Joseph was just 17 years old when this happened to him. God had given Joseph the ability to interpret dreams. He was also committed to the God of his fathers. He knew that God was continually with him. Whatever Joseph did God made it prosper. His masters prospered while he was in their service. They made Joseph the head overseer because of this. While in the service of Potiphar, Joseph was falsely accused of sexual misconduct by Potiphar’s wife. As a result, he was put in prison. Even then the keeper of the prison recognized Joseph’s leadership ability and placed the entire prison under his supervision. It was while he was serving in Pharaoh’s political prison that two of Pharaoh’s closest servants were placed in prison. While there they both had dreams that really disturbed them. Joseph interpreted both dreams accurately. Later Pharaoh, himself, had two disturbing dreams. He called for all the wise men of his court but they could not interpret his dreams. Finally, Pharaoh’s cupbearer, who had been imprisoned by Pharaoh and was under Joseph’s care while imprisoned, remembered Joseph and how he interpreted his dream successfully. He shared his experience with Pharaoh and Joseph was summoned to the court of Pharaoh. Joseph was 30 years old when he stood before Pharaoh. He interpreted the dreams of Pharaoh successfully. He explained that God was letting Pharaoh know that for seven years Egypt would have an overabundance of food. Then they would have seven years of famine. He suggested that Pharaoh pick out someone for the responsibility of food storage in preparation for the seven years of famine. Pharaoh gave this responsibility to Joseph, thus making him second in command in the land of Egypt.
Two years into the famine Joseph’s brothers came to Egypt to buy food because the famine was very severe in Canaan. They did not recognize Joseph when they saw him. Joseph finally revealed himself to them. He also made special provision for the entire clan to come to Egypt so he could take care of them during the famine. There were 70 people who went down to Egypt and lived in the territory of Goshen. 430 years later there would be approximately 3 million leaving Egypt and heading for the Promised Land of Canaan. Joseph died at the age of 110 but before his death he made the tribal elders promise to take his bones with them when they returned to the land promised to them hundreds of years before.
Years later, another Pharaoh came to power who knew nothing about Joseph. He became concerned that the Jews in Egypt were multiplying too fast. They were a people who worshipped one God unlike the Egyptians who worshipped many gods. He decided to make them slaves. He killed the first born males by throwing them in the Nile River as a means of birth control. But the Jews kept multiplying. They were in a sad position—they could not free themselves from Egyptian bondage. THEY NEEDED A DELIVERER WITH SUPERNATURAL ABILITY. Moses tried to in his own strength but failed. He had to flee for his life. Many years later the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob would send Moses back to Pharaoh with one message: LET MY PEOPLE GO.
There were ten plagues that God used to convince Pharaoh that He meant business. It is interesting to note that each plague mocked the Egyptian gods.
- Hapi–god of the Nile -plague waters turned to blood.
- Heket–Fertility-Head of a frog-plague frog
- Geb–god of the earth dust-plague Lice.
- Khepri–god of creation-movement of the sun-rebirth-plague-swarm of flies.
- Hathor–goddess of love and protection–plague of death of cattle and livestock.
- Isis–goddess of medicine and peace-plague ashes turned to boils and sores.
- Nut–goddess of the sky-plague hail rained down in the form of fire.
- Seth–god of storms and disorder–plague-locusts sent from the sky.
- Ra–The sun god-plague–three days of complete darkness.
- Pharaoh–The ultimate Power of Egypt-the son of Ra manifested in the flesh–plague–death of all the first born of Egypt.
Credit to: Ten Egyptian Plagues for Ten Egyptian gods and goddesses by IN THE DOGHOUSE.COM.
During the first nine plagues God, through Moses, did everything for the Jews’ emancipation. He gave special protection from these 9 calamities to the Jews while plaguing the Egyptians. But to be protected during the last plague they had to be obedient and follow God’s instructions. Their salvation was now in their hands. Each household was to take an unblemished lamb and on a certain day slaughter in a special way. Then take the blood of the lamb and put it on the door posts of their home. They were to roast the lamb whole with all of its insides and no broken bones. They had to eat unleavened bread and bitter herbs with it. They were to have all of their clothes on and their things packed. If any of the lamb was left they were to burn up the rest of the lamb up before morning. That night they were to stay in the house and not go out until morning. That night their God sent the angel of death throughout the land of Egypt and killed the firstborn child, including Pharaoh’s son. Their God promised that when the angel of death saw the blood on the doorposts of the houses the angel of death passed over that house and no one was killed.
Pharaoh immediately sent for Moses and commanded him to take the nation of Israel out of his country. They were given gold and silver and precious stones by the Egyptians and clothing for their many years of rigorous servitude. This is why Passover is the most important Celebration.
Just as He had promised hundreds of years before the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob kept His promise to deliver them. He is the same God who promised to bless all who were a blessing to the descendants of Abraham. Again I state no one could claim this like the African American slaves. They, however, did not receive the blessings due them. I firmly believe this is available to us as their descendants. I believe the only way we will achieve true freedom and equal rights will be via His supernatural intervention on our behalf in remembrance of the African-American slaves to which so much is owed. I WILL BLESS THEM THAT BLESS THEE.
Your comments are welcome.